Maui Croquet Club
International Rules on the Island of Maui
Maui Croquet Club United States Croquet Association


Glossary of International Rules Croquet terms. Also see Croquet Jargon and Intermediate Coaching Notes.

Also see the humorous New Croquet Glossary. For American Rules, see Croquet Dictionary.

See the foreign names for croquet.

Index A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
A   return to Index
A (class) player a player whose handicap is so low that he plays under Advanced Rules.
address the stance taken before a stroke is played.
Advanced Rules special International Rules used by class-A players involving lifts after running hoops #1-back and #4-back.
Aiton Sweep the stroke that some people refer to as the Aiton sweep was shown to me by Carl von Schmeider. [Keith Aiton]
alive able to take croquet from a ball after roqueting it; then dead until running next hoop or next turn
all-round break using one turn to get a ball round all the hoops, or, in Advanced Play, as far as 4-back.
American Rules the rules published by the United States Croquet Association. These rules are only followed in the United States of America.
angle of divergence the angle at which the balls part on a croquet.
approach shot a shot designed to move a ball into position to run the next hoop or to roquet another ball.
Arithmetical Croquet a game invented by Lewis Carroll in 1872.  See rules.
Aspinal Peel a peel (generally from an acute angle) made with the intention of initially jawsing the peelee ball; and as part of the same stroke, the striker ball continues to re-strike the peelee and complete the peel by cannoning it through the hoop. [Croquet Jargon] Named after Nigel Aspinal of England, UK.
Association Rules the rules published by the Croquet Association as the Laws of Association Croquet; also called International Rules.
Aunt Emma a player who appears more concerned with preventing their opponent from making progress, rather than trying to progress themselves. Generally considered to be a dull way to play the game, the approach involves keeping the opponent separated and avoiding risks. [Croquet Jargon]
B   return to Index
B Spread Leave a B-class player's attempt at a Diagonal Spread Leave, usually with the peg ball able to hit its partner with an 8-10 yard shot. B-Class players often don't realise that an Old Standard Leave is both better and easier to achieve if the peg ball is not near position before running the final hoop. [Croquet Jargon]
back peel peeling another ball (peelee) through its hoop immediately after running that hoop with stiker ball.
backward ball the ball that has not made as many hoops as it's partner ball.
backward take off a take off from a receiver ball that is on the non-playing side of the hoop
Backyard Croquet Nine-Wicket Croquet.
ball in hand a ball that must be picked up and placed elsewhere on the court; for example:
  1. any ball after it leaves the court must be replaced on the yard line;
  2. striker ball after making roquet must be placed in contact with the roqueted ball; or
  3. striker ball when given a lift must be placed on either baulk line.
basic stroke the single stroke to which the striker is entitled at the start of a turn.  A turn may extend if additional strokes are earned by running hoops or roqueting balls.
baulk line starting line on South and North boundaries - left half of the court less the one yard line.  Called A and B baulk lines respectively.
bisque an extra turn in handicap play. You can score a point (hoop or peg) with a full bisque but not with a half bisque.

The word is derived from the French word "bis" meaning "another time", and the Flemish suffix "-ke" meaning "something small". [John Swabey]
blob to accidentally fail a hoop, with the ball remaining in the jaws. [Croquet Jargon]
block the obstruction of striker's ball by a wire or a ball upon which it is dead.
bombard hit a third ball with the croqueted ball. Usually done to move a ball upon which striker is dead, or upon which striker does not want to become dead. For example:
  1. Striker straight peels partner ball through rover hoop, and partner ball stops wired from the peg by rover hoop.
  2. Striker runs rover hoop.
  3. Striker roquets other ball because he does not want to become dead on partner ball.
  4. Striker takes croquet from other ball, and bombards partner ball out of being wired from the peg.
  5. Striker can now rush partner ball to the peg in order to peg out both balls.
bonus stroke slang for continuation stroke.
boundary the edge of the playing area.  See out of bounds.
break an unbroken series of strokes in which a player's ball(s) runs a number of hoops in order.  See also two-ball, three-ball, and four-ball breaks.
break down to make an error or a fault or an unsuccessful shot, which causes a turn to end; thus, losing the innings.
C   return to Index
CA the Croquet Association.
cannon an arrangement of three or four balls in mutual contact after a roquet, either by shot or by contact.  All balls other than the roqueted ball (R) become ball-in-hand; striker's ball (S) is placed anywhere in contact with R; the third ball (T) is placed anywhere in contact with R, but not in contact with S; and the fourth ball (if there is one) is placed in contact with R and/or T, but not S.
carom a shot in which striker's ball glances off a wire, peg, or other ball.
carrot the part of a hoop sunk below the ground.
center line the imaginary line running through the center of a hoop.
center stance the traditional stance in which the mallet is swung between the legs.
Chinese Wire a leave such that if the obvious shot offered is taken and missed, the opponent is likely to be wired. [Croquet Jargon]
a roquet made inadvertantly off a croquet. [Richard Hilditch says, "In the early 1980s in Cambridge the university players at Sidney Sussex would often watch weaker players in college matches. We were once watching a quite weak pair from Christ's college who were playing one of our pairs, they had brought along some supporters too. During this match one of the Christ's players played one or two take-offs that ended up hitting the ball being taken off to. This elicited rapturous cheers from their supporters much to the amusement of the watching experts, hence the birth of the term."]
clearing becoming live on all other balls by running the next hoop.  Also called cleaning in American Rules.
clip marker colored to match the balls indicating which is each ball's next hoop.
condone to let an opponent's foul go unclaimed; the foul becomes a legal play, with no penalty on striker.
contact leave a leave with enemy balls on East and West boundries peg high, and own balls in NE and SW corners; used when a contact lift is being given. See diagram.
contact lift to pick up a ball and place it in contact with any other ball.  Given under Advanced Rules after running hoops #1-back and #4-back in the same turn before partner ball runs #1-back.  Also see lift.
contact roquet slang for a deemed roquet.
continuation stroke an extra stroke played after a croquet stroke or running a hoop.
corner the intersection of two boundries, denoted SW (I), NW (II), NE (III), and SE (IV).  The SW corner is closest to hoop #1.
corner to make your ball(s) safe from roquet in a corner; a defensive strategy.
corner two opening an opening where player 1 shoots to the middle of the East boundary, and player 2 shoots to just South of corner 2.
critical distance (CD) the distance at which a player would expect to make 50% of roquet attempts. For most players this is in the region of 7 yards, but the top players when on form can have critical distances in excess of 13 yards. [Croquet Jargon]
Croquet Association (CA) British croquet governing body; founded as the All-England Croquet Club.  See Association Rules.
croquet stroke the stroke following a roquet in which the striker's ball is placed, touching the roqueted ball, and hit so that both balls are moved.
croqueted ball the ball that is moved but not struck, in a croquet stroke.
cross peg to position two balls so that the peg lies directly between them.
cross wire to position two balls so that a hoop lies directly between them. 
crown the top of a hoop where the clips are clamped in forward play.
crunch (up) to beat someone decisively and quickly, generally +26tp, with no more than 6 turns in the game. [Croquet Jargon]
crush a fault if a ball is in contact with the mallet and hoop or peg at the same time - unless the stroke is being played away from the hoop or peg.
cut rush a rush stroke played to send the object ball off at an angle to the direction of the stroke.
D   return to Index
dead unable to take croquet from a ball after roqueting it; until passing next hoop or next turn.
deadness board a display with colored markers to help players and spectators keep track of deadness under American Rules.
Death Roll a croquet shot to peel penult with the striker's ball going to near (or to leave a rush on) the pioneer for either 2-back or 3-back. Played to complete the penult peel without the need for a straight or standard delayed double peel, it has acquired this name due to its ability to bring an early end to the break, often without further hoops being made. [Croquet Jargon]
deem to decline to take a stroke to which the striker is entitled. [Croquet Jargon]
deemed roquet a roquet is deemed to have been made when at the beginning of a turn striker elects to play a ball that is in contact with another ball.
delayed- a peeling break where the peels are made behind the easiest schedule. Compare delayed triple peel with triple peel. [Croquet Jargon] A delayed peeling break usually involves one or more straight peels.
delayed double (peel) A double peel where penult is peeled before making 4-back, and rover is peeled straight. This is a standard manoeuvre, most commonly seen as the conclusion to standard triple peels where the first peel jawses, or to complete a delayed triple. [Croquet Jargon]
delayed triple (peel) a triple peel where the first peel (of 4-back) is made later than immediately after hoop 3. Instead it is made later, typically before hoop 6 or 1-back. [Croquet Jargon]
Diagonal Spread Leave a leave with enemy ball 1 SW of hoop #2, enemy ball 2 SE of peg wired from enemy ball 1 and hampered from own balls which are on or near East boundary wired from both enemy balls, and with a rush to the peg.  See diagram.
distance ratio the ratio of the distances travelled by the croqueted ball and striker ball in a croquet stroke; it can vary from 10:1 in a stop shot, to 1:100 in a take off.
dolly rush a very easy rush. [Shorter Oxford English Dictionary]
double banking playing two independent games simultaneously on one court.
double peel ending a game by peeling partner ball through hoops #5- and #6-back, and pegging both balls out. Denoted "dp" in recording a score, as in 26dp-9.
double target two balls close together or close enough to the line of aim to form a target for your opponent.
double tap a fault where the mallet hits the striker's ball twice in one stroke; other than during a roquet or pegging out.
doubles play a version of croquet with two players on each side; each player plays the same ball throughout the game.
Dream Leave a leave, at the end of the third turn of the game, with a rush from the maximum position on the East boundry to a ball at the peg or at the maximum position on the west boundary. Note that the rush can be laid with an enemy ball because opponent must play the fourth ball on the fourth turn. [Croquet Jargon]
drive some people call a rush a drive, while others consider a straight croquet shot a drive.
Duffer Tice an opening where second player shoots to just west of hoop #6 to entice first player to shoot at it and leave either a double target or a ball near a baulk line.  Named after P. Duff Mathews.
return to Index
East the side of the court on which hoops #3 and #4 are placed; not the compass heading.
enemy ball a ball of the opposing side.
equal roll a full roll.
error an event that requires the application of the Laws.
escape ball a live ball that can be roqueted to continue a break after peeling a ball
F   return to Index
fault an error made in striking the ball.
finger to raise the index finger of the right hand in the direction of the opponent (and possibly crowd) to indicate that a lift to baulk was not forgotten when playing from where the balls lie. By extension two fingers can be used for a contact not taken, or three fingers for a lift taken instead of a contact. [Richard Hilditch said, "I think it was named during the 1979 test series in NZ, possibly by William Prichard. The players wanted to distinguish between a player forgetting that he had a lift or deliberately electing to play the balls where they lay.".]
first colors the ball colors of blue, red, black, and yellow.  Also called primaray colors.
for a hoop the next hoop in order.
forestall to prevent a player from committing a fault.
forward ball the ball which has made more hoops than its partner ball.
four-ball break a break using striker ball, receiver ball, pioneer ball, and pivot ball.
free shot a shot at a ball(s) which, if missed, does not give the opponent any or little advantage.
full roll a croquet stroke in which the distance ratio is unity; croqueted and striker balls go the same distance.
G   return to Index
Golf Croquet a version of the game where each hoop is scored only by the first player to run that hoop, and there are no continuation strokes. The rules are maintained by the World Croquet Federation (WCF).
golf stance a method of hitting in which the mallet passes in front of the body like a golf club.
grievous pegging out a roqueted ball by rushing it onto the peg and therefore not being able to take croquet from it (usually to peg out the strikers ball to win). [Croquet Jargon]
groom the court to create a leave.
return to Index
HSL a Horizontial Spread Leave.
half jump a jump shot that drives both the striker ball and an obstruction ball through a hoop.
half roll a croquet stroke in which the distance ratio is two; the striker ball goes half the distance of the croqueted ball.
hammer stroke a stroke played with the striker's back to the direction in which striker ball is to travel.
hampered prevented from a normal swing by a hoop, other ball, or the peg.
handicap a number assigned to a player to indicate his ability.
handicap play a version of the game in which the weaker player receives a number of bisques equal to the difference in the two player's handicaps.
heel the mallet face that does not strike the ball.
Henshaw to play a shot (often a lift shot) roughly parallel to the boundary which is sufficiently off-target that it goes off the boundary before it reaches the target balls. [Croquet Jargon]
high bisquer a player with a numerically high handicap.
Hilditch to become hampered by another ball; classically after doing a complex cannon to the middle of the lawn, or a delicate peel. [Richard Hilditch said, "It was named for me sadly".]
hit to roquet.
hit in to make a long roquet from or to a boundary.
hit out to shoot at a ball so that, if in missing, the striker's ball goes over the boundary - relatively safe.
Hogan Roll a full-roll croquet stroke sending an enemy ball out of corner 4 to hoop #3 while going with the striker ball to the peelee ball already at hoop #3 [or to a receiver ball at hoop #2]. Particularly useful in setting up a triple peel after the opponent has shot down the east boundary and the rush on partner has been taken directly to hoop 1 with the other enemy ball already at or near hoop 2 (as in the Maugham Standard Leave). [Stephen Mulliner] Named after Joe Hogan from New Zealand, who was the first world champion. [Chris Williams] In the final of the inaugural World Championship in 1989 Joe Hogan was playing Mark Avery, and after hoop #2 played a roll from south boundary near fourth corner putting his partner ball into peeling position at 4-back and getting a 2 foot rush on his (good) pioneer at hoop #3. It's probably the best croquet shot I've ever seen played. [Martin Murray]
hoop a straight- or curved-topped arch through which balls are driven. Called a wicket by Americans.
hoop bound impeded in making a stroke by being too close to a hoop.  See also wired and hampered.
Horizontal Spread Leave (HSL) a leave like a Diagonal Spread Leave, but with all balls rover high.
I   return to Index
I, II, III, IV the corners of the court Roman numbered by its nearest hoop.
innings being in control by keeping your balls together and your opponent's apart.
in player the player having the innings.
International Rules the rules published by the Croquet Association as the Laws of Association Croquet; also called Association Rules.
Irish Grip a grip with both palms facing outward.
Irish Peel a peel in which both balls are for the same hoop, and are both sent through that hoop in the same croquet stroke.
J   return to Index
jaws the opening of a hoop.
jawsed when a ball is stuck in the jaws of a hoop.
join up to position your striker ball near your partner ball.
jump shot a shot that causes the striker's ball to leave the ground; usually done to jump over a ball to run a hoop or roquet another ball.
return to Index
K an abbreviation for the black ball.
return to Index
lady's a peeling turn in which starts with a rush peel. [Keith Aiton says, "Coined as a result of its occurrence at a particular event — the Ladies Field Cup c1984 — some of the players in which sought to avoid conceding a lift at 1-back by laying up to rush-peel partner through the hoop (oppo having taken up station in corners 1 and 3.)"]
lay a break to position balls at future hoops to set up a possible break.
lay up to prepare a leave.
leave deliberately leave the balls positioned at the end of a turn; see Old Standard Leave, New Standard Leave, Maugham Standard Leave, Horizontal Spread Leave, Diagonal Spread Leave, and Dream Leave.
level play competition with no handicaps or bisques.
lift to remove a ball from the court, and place it on one of the baulk lines.  Given for a stymie, or under Advanced Rules after running hoops #1- and #4-back in a turn before partner ball has run hoop #1-back. Also called a lift to baulk, to differentiate if from a contact lift.
long bisquer a high bisquer.
low bisquer a player with a numerically low handicap.
M   return to Index
MSL a Maugham Standard Leave.
mark to lift a ball from the court that is hampering a shot in a double-banked game. It's position is marked by a plastic marker. 
MacRobertson Shield an international competition held every few years between Great Britian, Australia, New Zealand, and recently the United States of America.
Maugham Standard Leave (MSL) a leave like a New Standard Leave, but with enemy ball tight behind hoop #1-back, wired from end of B baulk, and without a rush to hoop #1. [Croquet Jargon] Named after David Maugham.
maximum distance point the point on the East (and less so on the West) boundary that is the maximum possible distance from both A baulk and B baulk. It offers a 19.5-yard shot from corner III and from the end of A baulk nearest to corner 4. [Croquet Jargon]
Murray Control a hoop stroke which, although hit at pace, only runs a hoop by a short distance. Named after Martin Murray. [Croquet Jargon]
N   return to Index
NSL a New Standard Leave.
Nels a measure of croquet lawn speed. Named after Louis Nel of Canada. They are the number of feet a croquet ball rolls from a ramp four feet long and one foot high. See Oxford Croquet.
New Standard Leave (NSL) a leave with enemy ball 1 on East boundary at the maximum distance from both A and B baulk lines; enemy ball 2 hidden from A baulk by hoop #4, and hampered from own balls which are on the East boundary at the maximum distance from both A and B baulk lines with a rush onto the court.  See diagram.
Nine-Wicket Croquet a variation of croquet played only in the United States of America with nine wickets and two stakes in a double-diamond formation.  Also called Backyard Croquet.
non-playing side the area on the exit side of a hoop.
North the side of the court on which hoops #2 and #3 are placed; not the compass heading.
O   return to Index
-O a peeling break of any size, but carried out on the opponent (see TPO). In these breaks, the striker's ball need not be pegged out (but sometimes is). [Croquet Jargon]
O- a losing peeling break on the opponent (see OTP). [Croquet Jargon]
OCP an octuple peel.
OSL an Old Standard Leave.
OTP an opponent's triple peel.
object ball the target ball of a roquet.
Old Standard Leave (OSL) a leave with enemy ball 1 SW of hoop #2, enemy ball 2 E of peg, own balls both in or near corner IV.  See diagram.
one-ball shot where only one ball's objective is significant; i.e., a rush.
open shot where the striker's ball is able to hit any part of the target ball.
opening initial shots of a game; see Standard Tice Opening, Duffer Tice Opening, Corner Two Opening, and Super Shot Opening
octuple peel (OCP) a winning break that peeled partner ball through its last eight hoops, and then pegged out both balls.
opponent's triple peel (OTP) a triple peel on opponent which failed to win the game. [Croquet Jargon]
out of bounds a ball that any part of which has crossed the boundary line.
out player the player who doesn't have the innings. 
P   return to Index
POP a peel of opponent.
partner ball the ball of a side that is not striker ball.
pass to waive a turn or the remaining strokes of a turn.
pass roll a croquet that sends striker ball further than croqueted ball.
Pawn Broker a three ball target at which the striker can shoot, generally with the centre ball of that target being closer than the other two balls. Named due to the target's resemblance to the traditional symbol for pawn brokers. [Croquet Jargon]
peel to cause the object ball, or the croqueted ball to run it's hoop in order. Named after Sir Walter Peel.
peelee a ball that is peeled.
peel of opponent to peel an opponent ball through hoop 1 and possibly 2 and 3 as well. Done to make it difficult for opponent to start a break if they hit in after a leave.
peg the round wooden stake in the center of the court for finishing the game.
peg out to remove a rover ball from the game by causing it to hit the peg. Only a rover ball can peg out itself or another rover ball.
pegged-out game the end of a game in which one or two balls have been pegged out. 
Penult the penultimate hoop.
penultimate hoop the last hoop but one; the one before Rover; the one in the middle with a red crown; hoop #5-back.
Plummers a measure of the speed of a croquet lawn. Named after Dr. Ian Plummer of England. They are the number of seconds it takes for a ball hit from the south boundary to travel to, and stop on, the north boundary. The higher the number, the faster the lawn. 10 Plummers is a fast lawn. See Oxford Croquet.
Pirie Poke to hit a ball forward by swinging the mallet backwards away from it. Sounds impossible, but it works. This stroke was developed by Vern Potter and John Riches when John was living in Port Pirie, an industrial town in South Australia about 300 km north of Adelaide. [John Riches] See Oxford Croquet.
pick up to create a break, usually from an unpromising position.
pilot another name for a receiver.
pioneer the ball placed at the next hoop plus one in order, ready to be used as the receiver ball when the next hoop in order is made.
pivot the centre ball, sometimes known as a middle ball, and usually positioned near the peg to allow the striker ball to change direction or pivot.
playing side the area on the approach side of a hoop.
point one is scored everytime either striker or partner ball runs its next hoop or is pegged out.
pull the tendency for a ball to curve inwards from its angle of divergence.
push a fault in which the mallet stays in contact with the striker's ball too long after impact. 
Q   return to Index
QDP a quadruple peel.
QNP a quintuple peel.
QP a quadruple peel.
quadruple peel
(QP or QdP)
a winning break that peeled partner ball through its last four hoops, and pegged out both balls.
quintuple peel
to end a game by peeling partner ball through its last five hoops, and pegging out both balls.
R   return to Index
R the red ball.
receiver the ball from which croquet is taken to make the next hoop in order. Also called a pilot.
right of choice the winner of the coin toss at the beginning of a game may choose either the starting position or the color balls.
roll shot a croquet in which both balls travel on the same line.
roquet a shot in which the striker ball hits another ball from which it takes croquet. 
rover hoop the last hoop; the hoop in the middle which has a red crown; hoop #6-back.
rover ball a ball which has run the rover hoop in order. It can now peg out another rover ball(s). 
rules there are four sets of croquet rules: International (Croquet Association), American (United States Croquet Association), Backyard (United States Croquet Association), and Golf (World Croquet Federation).
run to successfully pass through a hoop in order. 

A hoop viewed from the side. 

The arrow indicates the direction of play.

  • The red ball is about to start running the hoop.
  • The yellow ball is running the hoop.
  • The blue ball is about to complete running the hoop.
rush a roquet that sends the object ball to a predetermined position. 
rush line an imaginary line from the desired destination of the rush backwards through and past the roqueted ball.
return to Index
SXP a sextuple peel.
scatter shot a continuation stroke used to hit a dead ball to send it to a less dangerous position. 
score a point to cause a ball to run its next hoop in order, or to peg out a ball.
scratch player a player whose handicap is zero.
second colors the ball colors of green, brown, pink, and white.  Also called secondary colors.
sextuple leave a leave in preparation for a sextuple peel where opponents balls are cross wired at hoop#1. In the "man's" leave, partner ball is left in the NE corner with a rush on striker ball to hoop #1-back. In the "lady's" leave, partner ball is left near the north boundry with a rush peel on striker ball jawsed in hoop #1-back.
sextuple peel 
a winning break that peeled partner ball through its last six hoops, and pegged out both balls.  Done under Advanced Rules because partner ball was left at #1-back to avoid giving opponent a lift.
short bisquer a low bisquer.
side stance a method of hitting a ball in which the mallet is swung alongside the body.
Six Wicket Croquet croquet played according to the American Rules maintained by the United States Croquet Association.
South the side of the court on which hoops #1 and #4 are placed; not the compass heading.
split shot a croquet shot in which the two balls move off in different directions. 
squeeze a leave typically used by the single-ball player in a pegged-out game. They take position at their (odd-numbered) hoop, with a wired (or sometimes distant but open) ball as reception ball and a second opponent ball near their next hoop. If oppo takes either shot and misses, a three ball break is conceded; if a shot is declined, a 2-ball break opportunity is available. It is most common after a TPO, where the contact turn finishes with the single-ball player in front of hoop 1 having rolled-up from the east boundary ball sending it peg-high between hoops 1 and 2, leaving the other ball in corner II. [Croquet Jargon]
stake what American Rules call the peg.
stake out what American Rules call to peg out.
stalk to line up a ball for a shot by approaching it purposely from a distance. 
standard- any peeling break where the peels are done according to a schedule, generally the earliest conventional opportunity for each peel. [Croquet Jargon] For example, a standard triple peel.
standard grip a method of holding a mallet in which one palm faces inward and other other faces outward.
standard opening an opening where player 1 shoots to middle of East boundary, and player 2 lays a tice on West boundary.
sticky wicket a Cricket term having nothing to do with Croquet.
stop shot a croquet that sends stricker's ball much less (1/10th) distance than the croqueted ball.
straight- a peeling break in which each peel is made just before the striker's ball makes the same hoop for itself. [Croquet Jargon] For example, a straight triple peel.
striker the player currently having his turn.
striker ball the ball being played by striker.
stroke a movement of a mallet that deliberately strikes a ball.
super shot opening an opening where player 1 shoots to just SW of the peg, and player 2 shoots to just S of corner 2.
stymie to leave both opponent ball(s) without an open shot at any other ball.
T   return to Index
TP a triple peel.
TPO a winning triple peel of opponent.
take off a croquet shot in which the croqueted ball moves very little (just shakes).
tea lady a hit-in made after a "man's" sextuple leave.  So called because in the 1990s a good player at Cheltenham decided to attempt a sextuple peel in a doubles match, and asked his partner to lay up before #1-back.  This having been achieved, Alice Mollison on the other side took the shot and hit in, much to the chagrin of the good player.  The next day, the same sequence of events was repeated.  In each case the hitters of the long shots were ladies, more renowned as makers of teas at the club than as players.
three-ball break a break using striker ball, receiver ball, and pioneer ball.
three ducks leave a leave after running the third ball of a game around to hoop #4B (usually after a super shot opening) where the three balls are in a horizontal row (striker ball on yard line, then opponent ball in middle, and then partner ball) on the West boundary near hoop #2. This leave is intended to make a standard triple peel easy if opponent shoots at the "three ducks in a row" and misses.
tice a shot which places a ball in a position designed to entice the opponent to shoot at it. 
tice opening an opening where first player shoots to the middle of the East boundary, and second player lays a tice on the West boundary to entice first player from joining up on East boundary.
toe the mallet face used to strike a ball.
trap joining up a few yards off the boundry; so when opponent misses you and goes out of bounds, he is close enough to roquet, but far enough away to stop shot to pioneer, and still rush partner to receiver.
treble target three balls close enough or in the line of aim to make a target for the opponent. 
triple peel (TP) a winning break that peeled partner ball through its last three hoops, and pegged out both balls.  Done under Advanced Rules because partner ball was left at #4-back to avoid giving opponent a contact lift.
triple peel opponent (TPO) a winning break that peeled opponent's ball through the last three hoops, and then pegging it out.  Done to gain the advantage of playing a pegged out game with two balls against one ball.
two-ball break a break using striker ball and receiver ball.
U   return to Index
U the blue ball.
United States Croquet Association (USCA) The American croquet governing body. 
return to Index
VSL a vertical spread leave.
Vertical Spread Leave (VSL) a leave with enemy balls hampered on the peg side of hoops #5 and #6, and own balls behind hoop #4. See diagram.
W   return to Index
WCF the World Croquet Federation.
waive to pass up a turn.
Walter to turn down an agressive shot in favor of a defensive shot; for example, refusing a relatively easy hoop, and returning to partner ball. [Richard Hilditch said,"It is named for John Walters who did this a few times when he was already a very strong player. Thus originally it was somewhat derogatory. Now I think that it can be used where the decision would be seen as sensible by most people".]
West the side of the court on which hoops #1 and #2 are placed; not the compass heading.
Wharrad a takeoff that is too short. [Richard Hilditch said, "It was named for Lionel Wharrad playing at Southwick on a pretty slow lawn. He was taking off from corner 2 to corner 4 and just reached hoop 4, he Waltered off the shot and returned to mummy in corner 2. The opponent did nothing, and Lionel repeated his take-off, this time he just got past the peg.".]
wicket what American Rules call a hoop.
Willis setting the basis for the six-hoop one-peg game; introduced in 1922.
Willock to rush a pioneer into position rather than croqueting it. [Richard Hilditch said, "One of the University players at Cambridge in the early 1980s was a Guy Willock. He was of a reasonable B class standard. He had learnt his game away from the other good players. Despite our encouragement that it was more accurate to use a croquet stroke we could not get him out of the habit of using rushes to put out his pioneers, hence the name".]
wire upright legs of a hoop.
wire to position a ball(s) so that its objective is blocked by the leg of a hoop. 
World Croquet Federation (WCF) a body that co-ordinates and promotes croquet on a world-wide basis.
Wylie Peel to rush a peelee directly to its hoop after making a hoop for the striker's ball, then do the peel while getting a rush on a second ball. The presence of a conventional pioneer at the next hoop for striker's ball makes this a low risk peel attempt. It is named after Keith Wylie who pioneered this, particularly for penult after 1-back and rover after 3-back. [Croquet Jargon]
return to Index

return to Index
Y the yellow ball.
yard line unmarked line one yard in from the boundary, usually measured by a mallet's length. 
yard line area the space between the yard line and the boundary, non-striker balls here are replaced on the yard line at end of stroke.
return to Index